Political assassinations, extra-judicial killings
and murders from 1947

Compiled by Action for People’s Democracy (ACT4DEM), Thailand

Email: savethailand@gmail.com

Since Chulalongkorn’s drive to centralise, tax and unify the cultures of Siam, thousands of people have sacrificed their lives in different struggles for democratic, representational governance, but the records of political assassination, extra-judicial killing and murder do no better than the lotus leaves attempting to conceal the dead elephant.

Since the attempt to bury Thai democracy in 1947, accurate notations about people who have lost their lives in struggle for democracy are thin on the ground. The overall picture obtained from the records that are available iindicates that, since 1947, 20 - 30,000 have been murdered, assassinated or ‘disappeared’. The outstanding feature of all this royalist-approved, extra-judicial killing, past and present, is that, in the name of the king, all is allowed to pass like jetsam under a Bangkok bridge. If recorded at all, political murder appears as car accidents, personal conflict, suicide and so on.

How many innocent people were killed during the years of Cold War confusion, when militarised rural development programmes sponsored by USAID and the World Bank ran hard against mass resistance from local populations? The military juntas of those years had less than no interest in recording who they killed and assassinated, and did so with impunity. Even today, now, in March 2011, there does not exist any comprehensive Government report about how and why nearly 90 people were shot down in Bangkok by the Royal Thai Army in April - May 2010. There has been no proper Government investigation or reporting (to the people) on any of the street violence, political assassinations, extra-judicial killings and murders since the 2006 military coup, not to mention the complete absence of any proper investigation into incidents like the occupation by the royalist mob of international airports, Government House (for many months) and so on.

Needless-to-say Thailand has not ratified International Criminal Court protocols. However, since Prime Minister Abhisit has UK citizenship the UDD has been able to file a case with the ICC against Abhisit - for his sanctioning of a ‘live bullet zone’. Whatever the future of the case, it is important because, win or loose, it brings facts to light - stops them from being swept under the bridge. It is important because the people have no channels through which they can bring the attention of the outside world to the atrocities performed just behind the glitter. Why in a country with 200 000 police and massive investment in administration is even vaguely honest reporting of gross misuse of power so difficult? What is amazing about Thailand is that it is so blazenly accustomed to getting away with murder, so adept at hiding facts and playing with rumours. In fact truthful reporting by the servants of the kingdom is simply impossible because making the kingdom look overtly clownish is treasonable. Honest decision-making by high court justices and truthful reporting by Thai administrators would cause the whole royal service to start paddling for the nearest desert island. That is the objective.

A gift from heaven, Thailand has always had more than enough resources for everybody, on top of which is has for decades been receiving truly vast amounts of Development aid and foreign direct investment. Why then is more than half the population still begging for justice? A royal question no less, for the King of Kings in deed. But his answer under the slightest pressure has always been bullets.- as it was in 1973, 1976, 1992, 2009 and 2010 when dozens were slaughtered by his own Royal Guard. The question is not when will research into who killed who and why begin, but why is the research never begun?

The question is when will Thailand’s universities start demanding that their staff and students start investigating why the democratic processes is so painful and bloody in a country with so much of everything? This appendix is just an attempt to indicate the numbing extent of suffering born by the ‘other Thailand’, an attempt to indicate how much there is to be investigated under the thainess veneer, how much must be corrected in our historical record.

The appendix attempts to point out that, if Thailand wants to become a healthy country, the lives and sacrifice of the ordinary working people that have died in struggle for justice against autocracy must be recognised, honoured and respected.

1949 - 6

5 members of the ‘Pridi Alliance’ riddled with bullets while handcuffed, one assassinated by order of Police Chief Phao, 28 Feb - 01 March.

Tong-in Puriphat Shot Leader of the Labour Party, former MP for Ubon Ratchatani Province 6 times Minister.

Thawil Udol Shot Former MP for Roiet Province, Minister in Tawee Bunyaket Government

Chamlong Dao Ruang Shot Former MP for Mahasarakam Province

Dr. Tongplaew Chonphum Shot Former MP for Nakhon Nayok Province, Gen. Sec., Constitution Alliance Party

Col. Banjongsak Cheeppensuk Shot Chief of Special Branch of Police Bureau

Col. Phon Intrarathat Police Shot in the head. A police colonel. Body found in the Dusit District, Bangkok.

1952 - 5

Tieng Sirikhan, Leader of the Labour Party, former MP from Sakon Nakhon Province was brutally murdered in Bangkok together with four friends. Their bodies were taken 200 kms to be burned in Kanchanaburi Province (13 December).

Tieng Sirikhan Strangled by police Leader of the Labour Party, former MP

Sanga Prajakwong Strangled by police Driver

Chan Boonnak Strangled by police Close aid to Pridi Banomyong

Noi Boonnak Strangled by police

Phong Kiewvijit Strangled by police

1953 - 1

Aree Leevira, Shot by 5 police . Owner of Siamnikorn and Pim Thai Newspaper and Former Chairman of the Newspaper Association of Thailand. Shot by five police form Kanchanaburi Province by order of Phao Sriyanond’s camp. (10 November 1953.)

1955 - 3

Executed by firing squad (17 February) to cover-up the murder of King Ananda in June 1946:

Chaliew Pathumros Kanaratsadon MP, close friend of Pridi

Chit Singhaseni Attendent to King Ananda

Pathamasarin Attendent to King Ananda

1959 - 13, the year Sarit gave Sarit the right to kill

Supphachai Srisati Labour rights activist, executed without trial according to Sarit’s Article 17. 30 June.

Sila Wongsin A local strongman, executed without trial according to Sarit’s Article 17. 30 June.

11 people Killed during the police raids, nearly 80 people arrested.

1961 - 2

Krong Chandawong Public execution by firing squad. An MP from Sakon Nakhon Province and close comrade of Tieng Sirkhan from the Labour Party executed in 1952.

Tongphan Suthimas Public execution by firing squad. Krong and Tongphan, a Primary School teacher, were arrested together with 148 villagers from Phuphan charged with committing ‘communist acts’. Krong and Tongphan were executed on the spot, the rest were imprisoned for five years. Krong’s wife and son were also arrested while his other two children fled the country.

1962 - 1

Ruam Wongphan Public execution by firing squad. Leading member of the Communist Party of Thailand. He died heroically shouting out as he was being shot: “US imperialism and Sarit junta go to hell. Long Live the People’.

1966 - 1

Jit Phumisak Assassinated by police in the village at the foot of the Phupan Mountain (5 May.) A provocative, well-known thinker, translator, writer, poet and song-writer, whose songs are still sung and still popular.
1971-1973 - 3,000
3,000 villagers Brutally murdered by Royal Thai Army in Pattalung Province, some burnt alive in drums of oil, dropped from helicopters in sacks and pushed of the side of mountains.
1973 Crackdown 14-15 October - 77

77 people died, mostly from gunfire, mostly students, young workers and others from the working class. 847 were wounded. The records of this massacre are quite accurately recorded. The royalist establishment was forced to recognise these people as martyrs to the cause of democracy, and most were given ‘royal cremations’ (a funeral pyre lit by a member or representative of the royal family). This is the only group of civilians murdered in military crackdowns to have a received royal cremation.

http://www.14tula.com/hero_index.htm

Ms Chusri Phakpong Running from helicopter machine-gun fire, fell and died on way to hospital. Aged 42, a paper bag maker. She went to the site of the massacre to search for her son.

Ms Supojjana Jittaladakorn Shot in the head and many body parts from a helicopter above Thammasart University. Aged 16, a 1st year student of Dusit Commercial School.

Ms Noopin Promjan Died in a car crash while on her way to the demonstration in Nakorn Sri Thammarat Province on 15 Oct. Aged 17, 1st year student at Nakorn Srithammarat Teachers College.

Kathakorn Cheepthamrong Shot by police. Aged 18, 4 year student of Saint John Secondary School.

Kong Ngiap-taku, 28. Shot in the neck observing the crackdown at the window of the shop where he worked.

Kong-Hai Sae-Jung Shot by an M16 in his stomach. Died 16 October aged 27, a driver.

Jira Boonmak Shot in head carrying a white flag towards the military to tell soldiers not to shoot at the students. A 29 year post-grad student with the Electrical Generating Authority.

Jamras Prasertrit Shot while trying to rescue a student who carried the national flag. Aged 47, a mechanical assistant at the State Railway Authority of Thailand.

Jia-seng Saechou Shot in front of the Public Relations Office. A mechanic aged 17.

Chantornkrup Hongtong Shot in the back. 1st year student of the Bangbon Technical School, aged 16.

Chong Jaypat Shot while trying to bring food to the students in the protest zone. Aged 50, a mechanic.

Chusak Chaiyutanan Shot in front of the Poh Chang Art School. Aged 15, a 2nd year student in the Singhrat Pittayakom Secondary School.

Chaisilp Ladsila Shot in the chest while standing in front of the National Lottery Office. Aged 25, a technician at a radio broadcast station and 1st year law student at Ramkhamhaeng University.

Chiwin Chaitosa Shot, aged 18, a 2nd year student of the Phra Nakorn Nuea Mechanical School.

Chaiyot Jantornchot Shot while driving his boat towards the military tanks. Aged 16. A boat mechanic.

Danai Kornkaew Shot from helicopter while running from teargas. Aged 24, a worker of Foremost Ice-Cream.

Tea Ti Sae-tang Shot aged 24, a parquet floor worker.

Thanom Pan-eim Shot at the Panfah Bridge, aged 19, a hotel cook.

Tong Jantornrat Shot in front of the Poh Chang Art School. A driver aged 40.

Tada Sirikhan Shot in a restaurant for criticising tyranny, aged 22, a 4th year student of mechanics, South East Asia University. (18 Oct)

Niyom Uppaphan Shot in the head. Student guard group at Bangson Mechanical School. Aged 20.

Nop Promcharoen Shot in the head in front of the Public Relations Office. Dock worker aged 40.

Nitikorn Giratipakorn Hit with tear gas, beaten-up by military in front of Jitlada Palace, traumatised and died from heart attack on 21 Nov. Aged 16, a 2nd year student at Amnual Silp Art School.

Banphot Chimwari Fell on the pavement and trampled by demonstrators. Died next day from broken blood vessels in the brain. Aged 25, 2nd year student at the Somdej Chaopraya Teachers College.

Banthom Phutong Shot at the Democracy Monument. A hotel worker aged 18.

Prasert Wirojthanachai Shot by an M16 at the Panfah Bridge while trying to help his brother who was shot. Aged 19. A 4th year student of Panjawittaya Art School.

Prasarn Wirojthanachai Shot dead by multiple bullets from an M16. Aged 17, a language student.

Somkuan Sae-Ngou Shot while trying to rescue his friends. Aged 18, a mechanic, friend of Prasarn and Prasert.

Prasert Dejmee Shot aged 19, while entering the university.

Prayong Daungploy Shot in the head in front of the Samutprakarn Police Station. Aged 21, a bus driver.

Pranot Sae-lim Shot, aged 28. Sold BBQ duck to restaurants.

Prayuth Jaemsuntorn Shot in the back while bringing drinking water to his friends at the Panfah Bridge. Aged 17, a 4th year student at Padungsit Pittaya Secondary School.

Prawat Passarakul Shot in the heart. Aged 18, a commerce student.

Prasopchai Somsuan Shot in the stomach in a truck passing the Forestry Department, a fire fighting truck that was apprehended by protestors to take people to the Bhumibol Hospital to donate blood. Aged 15, a 2nd year student, Khema Pirataram Secondary School.

Phunsuk Pong-ngam Shot through the chest at Panfah Bridge. Aged 20, a 2nd year student at a mechanical college.

Phansiri Kerdsuk Shot aged 28, a soldier and graduate of the Faculty of Law at Thammasart University.

Montian Pongsri Shot at the Prapinklao Bridge. Aged 20, a 1st year student of Nonthaburi Mechanical College.

Montri Lohsuwan Shot in the head from a helicopter over Bowornniwet Temple. Aged 15, a young monk from from Bangprek Nuea Temple.

Mongkol Pinsangchan Shot in front of Poh Chang Art School. Aged 15, 2nd year student, Amnual Silp Art School.

Rat Ngonjantuek Shot in the head and the chest. Aged 40, a truck driver.

Riam Kongkanya Shot taking wounded students to hospital through the firing zone. Aged 27, a tuk-tuk driver.

Lert Kongluk Died in the building that was burnt down on 14 Oct. Aged 46, a civil servant.

Wijin Boonsongsri Shot in the back. Aged 19, a mechanic.

Wichai Supakramma Shot at the Panfah Bridge. Aged 18, a textile factory worker.

Wichien Prompanich Traumatised from providing treatment to wounded patients outside the Public Relation Office. He hung himself on 17 February 1974. Aged 25, a 6th year medical student at Chulalongkorn University.

Silboon Rojjanasangsuwan Shot in the chest on the rooftop of the Thai Airways Building. Aged18, a fresh food seller.

Somkuan Sae-Ngou, Shot in the head from behind while trying to help his friends, Prasert and Prasarn (see above). A mechanic and a public bus driver.

Somchai Kerdmanee Shot in front of the Chalermthai Cinema. Aged 20, a student from Nonthaburi Mechanic’s School.

Surapong Boonrodkham Shot in Panfah in front of the Police Office with two bullets to his chest and one to his head. Aged 16, a worker in a clothing shop.

Somkiet Phetpeng Shot in front of the Sirirat Hospital. Aged 19, a worker in a cooking gas shop.

Surin Sriviravanichkul Shot by M16 in the Banglamphu area. Aged 20, a worker in a cooking gas shop.

Suphap Sae-wong Shot from a helicopter in front of the Public Relations Office. Aged 16, a garment worker.

Sawee Visetsuwan Died from eating poisoned food brought to demonstrators on 13-14 October. Aged 18, a 2nd year student at a vocational school.

Sukit Tongprasut Died in a car crash with a truck - trying to mobilize support for the demonstrators in the Thonburi area. Aged 18, 1st year student of Sesavej Wittaya Secondary School.

Surapong Puangtong Shot in front of the Public Relations Office from a machine gun firing from a tank. Aged 25, a worker in a private company (died 27 October).

Saroj Warasatien Attacked while observing the situation of the burning of the Panfah Police Station. Aged 48, head of the delivery section of the Pharmaceutical Office.

Supoj Liansakulyoudee Shot in the eye and fell into the canal while trying to help another man who was shot. Aged 19, a furniture maker.

Somdej Wirunpho Shot with many bullets piercing his chest and legs by police and soldiers from the Panfah Police Station. Aged 18, 1st year student Economic Faculty, Chulalongkorn University.

Sai Ritthivanich Shot from behind while passing through the Public Relations Office. Aged 44, a carpenter.

Sawaeng Phanbua Shot in the forehead in front of the Revenue Department Office. Aged 16, a worker.

Sompong Sae-tiaw Shot in Banglamphu while observing the crackdown. Aged 14, a 1st year student of Mongkut Secondary School.

Sompong Ployruangsri Shot in the chest while trying to take a gun from a soldier near the Panfah Bridge. Aged 20, a 2nd year student at the Phra Jomklao Technology Institute.

Abhisit Pornsirilertkit Shot in the head while searching for a friend at the Panfah area. Aged 18, a salesman in a radio equipment shop.

Annop Dittasuwan Shot by machine-gun fire from a tank in the Royal Garden. Aged17, a mobile cinema worker.

Anek Patikarnsuntorn Shot while trying to take control of the Panfah Police Station. Aged 41, a food store owner.

Eimchoung Sae-Goi Shot in front of the Royal Hotel. A worker aged 22, died at the Sirirat Hospital October 14.

  1. Unidentified woman. Shot in the back and fell into the river near the Pinklao Bridge.
  2. Unidentified man. Shot in front of the Panfah Police Office.
  3. Unidentified person. Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
  4. Unidentified person. Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
  5. Unidentified person Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
  6. Unidentified person Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
  7. Unidentified person Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
  8. Unidentified person Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
  9. Unidentified person Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
  10. Unidentified person Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
  11. Unidentified person Shot, burnt, beaten and / or unable to be identified
1974 - 1976
After the First Oil Crisis, prices rose and the life of poor people in Thailand changed noticeably, with an increasing need for cash and emphasis on cash economies. After the October 1973 massacre the labour movement mobilised. In 1974 there were over 700 strikes and Thailand’s first Labour Relations Act was introduced in 1975. Small farmers also began to organise on a provincial basis, and mobilise, and many travelled to Bangkok to protest the price of rice, fertilizer, loans etc. All this was soon too much for the monarcho-militarists. Allied with the industrialists the militarists walked-over civilian government self-paralysed by it’s own anti-communist paranoia, and cracked-down ruthlessly on workers, students and farmers. For obvious reasons, records of political assassination and murder from this period are scratchy, and cover-ups extensive. Dozens of ‘farmer-leaders’ were killed. Attempts have been made to collect data on the people who lost their lives e.g. by Suthachai Yimprasert, Chulalongkorn University and others, but lists to date do not express the scale of human tragedy of this period.
1974 - 3
Three villagers Killed brutally. Nasai Village in Nongkhai Province, home to 1500 people, was burned down by the ‘authorities’ who claimed it was a communist village. 14 January
1975 - 4
Four muslim villagers A car of five Muslim adults and a boy, heading home in Bajoh District in Narathivat Province, was held-up between the Bajoh District and Saiburi District. A few days later the five bodies of the adults were found floating in the river. 29 November
1976 - 74

Sanong Bancha Shot. A worker-leader in the Temco Mining Company in Pang-nga Province was shot dead while filling his motorcycle with gasoline. 25 January

Nisit Jirasophon Murdered. Member of Student Federation of Thailand, killed while leading a team of journalists to investigate the death of the 3,000 villagers in Patthalung Province. 2 January

Boonma Somprasit Shot. A farmer-leader from Angtong Province.

Dr. Boonsanong Punyodyana Shot by an assassin. Secretary-General of the Socialist Party of Thailand. 28 February

Nisit Jirasophon, Pushed out of a train. A student activist from Chiangmai University on his way to investigate the uprising in Nakhon Srithammarat Province. 1 April

Hieng Linmak Shot. Farmer-leader from Surin Province. 5 April

Eiy Tongto Shot. Farmer committee member from Lamphun Province.

Prasert Chomam-marit Shot. President of Farmer’s Federation in Hang Dong District, Chiang Mai Province. 18 April

Ngon Laowong Assassinated. Farmer-leader from Ban Nongbuaban, Udon Thani. 21 April

Charoen Dangnok Shot. Committee member of the Nakorn Ratchasima Farmer’s Federation.

Thawin (unknown surname) Shot. Farmer-leader from Pichit Province. 5 May

Mongkol Suknoon Shot. Leader of the Nakhon Sawan farmers.

Kliang Mai-eim Shot. Vice-President, Farmers Federation, Hang Chat District, Lampang Province. 20 May

Put Ponglangka Shot. Leader of the Chiang Rai farmers. 22 June

Mana Intasuriya Shot. A student from Ratchasima College, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, shot while putting up posters inviting people to demonstration against the US Army base on 4 July. 1 July

Ja Chakkrawan Killed. Vice-President of the Bandong Farmer’s Federation, Mae Rim, ChiangMai. 3 July

Prasat Sirimoung Shot. Farmer’s representative from Surin Province. 8 July

Boonpa Panyoyai Shot in Lamphun Province. Committee member of Farmers Federation of Thailand. 14 July

Boonta Yota Shot dead in Lamphun Province. 18 July

Kliang Mai-aim Shot. Vice-President, Thai Farmer’s Federation in Hang Chat District, Lampang. 22 July

Ms Samran Kamklan Shot by the chief of the factory’s security guards. Factory worker in Kratumban District, Nakhon Prathom Province. 26 July

Intha Sriboonruang Shot. Vice-President of the Farmer’s Federation of Thailand and the President of the Northern Farmer’s Federation, Chiang Mai. 31 July

Sawas Tathawan Shot. Leader of Doi Saket Farmer, Chiang Mai was shot. 4 August

Eiy Sitthi Disappeared, never found. Fang District Farmer’s Federation, Chiang Mai Province. 7 Aug

Mee Suanplu Disappeared, never found. Fang District Farmer’s Federation, Chiang Mai Province. 7 Aug

Ta Sitthi Disappeared, never found. Fang District Farmer’s Federation, Chiang Mai Province. 7 Aug

Taah Kaewprasert Disappeared, never found. Fang District Farmer’s Federation, Chiang Mai Province. 7 Aug

Ta Intakham Disappeared, never found. Fang District Farmer’s Federation, Chiang Mai Province. 7 Aug

Put Saidam Shot. Farmer from Ma Bon, Fang District, Chiang Mai. Survived first shooting, but later shot dead in a hospital bed in front of the doctor. 11 August,

Chuan Niamwira Shot in Utong District, Suphanburi. Committee member of the Farmer’s Federation of Thailand. 12 August

15 protesters Killed by a bomb, thrown at them when protesting against the removal of the Pang-nga Governor. 17 others injured. 29 September

Nual Kawilai Killed by a bomb during the crackdown on the protest against mining in Serm-ngam District, Lampang Province. A farmer leader from Mae Lieng. 12 October

15 protesters Killed by a bomb during the second crackdown on the protest against the Mae Lieng Mining in Serm-ngam District, Lampang Province. 13 October

Bunyarat Jaiyen Shot. Vice-President, Farmer’s Federation in Saraphi District, Chiang Mai Province. 19 Oct.

12 protesters Killed by a bomb thrown into the crowd in Pattani. 13 December

1976 monarcho-military crackdown on student protest 6 October - 42

41 students were killed by a combined force of Royal Thai Army, Border Guard and ‘Protect the Monarchy’ paramilitary gangs. 30 bodies were identified, 10 bodies not identified. 100s injured. 3,154 students arrested 1000s fled to the forest and / or went into hiding. 26 men and 4 women were returned to their families by the Royal Thai Police for cremation.

Ms. Wimonphan Roongtongbaisuree Shot

Ms. Poranee Jullakarin Shot

Ms. Watcharee Phetsun Shot

Ms. Arunee Khambunkerd Shot

Abdulroheng Sata Shot

Manoo Vitayaporn Shot

Surasit Supapa Shot

Samphan Charoensuk Shot

Suwit Tongpralard Shot

Boonnak Samaksaman Shot

Abhisit Thainiyom Shot

Weeraphol Opaspilai Shot

Supoj Phankalasin Shot

Yuttana Burasiriraksa Shot

Phumisak Sirasuppalerkchai Shot

Danaisak Eimkong Shot

Paiboon Laohajiraphan Shot

Chaiyaporn Amornrojjanawong Shot

Ajachariya Srisawat Shot

Somchai Piyasakulsak Shot

Wisut Pongpanich Shot

Suphol Boontapan Shot

Siripong Mantasatien Shot

Wasan Boonraksa Shot

Naowarat Sirirangsri Shot

Pongphan Praomaturos Died from a bomb blast

Anuwat Angkaew Died from a bomb blast

Wichitchai Amornkul Died from shrapnel wounds

Pricha Sae-tia Beaten and died from shrapnel wounds

Sanguanphan Sunsheng Drowned

Wanchat Srichansuk Hanged himself in a cell at Bangkhen Police Station

Jarupong Tongsin Body not found

................ Body burnt, unable to identify gender

................ Body burnt, unable to identify gender

................ Body burnt, unable to identify gender

................ Body burnt, unable to identify gender

................ Could not identify the person’s name

................ Could not identify the person’s name

................ Could not identify the person’s name

................ Could not identify the person’s name

................ Could not identify the person’s name

................ Could not identify the person’s name

The above list does not include the names of many people who just disappeared, whose bodies couldn’t be found and who were, perhaps, destroyed by the ‘authorities’ according to custom. For example Jarupong Tongsin was seen being dragged around the football ground of Thammasart University with a rope around his neck by ‘Protect the monarchy’ thugs, but his body was never found.

1977-1991 - ???

1992 monarcho-military crackdown - 44

The Bloody May 17 - 19, saw about 45 killed of which about 38 people were shot. There are reports of up to 70 people who ‘disappeared’.

Kittikorn Kiewboriboon Shot

Kittipong Supingklad Shot

Kriangkrai Jarusarn Shot

Korbkul Sinthusingha Shot

Jakkraphan Amrat Shot

Jakkrawut Namta Shot

Chairat Na Nakorn Shot

Sihong Sae-tia Shot

Narong Thongtong Shot

Taweesak Panathuek Shot

Nakorn Sonpanya Shot

Boonmee Saengsum Shot

Boonmee Wongsingto Shot

Boonkong Tanna Shot

Pratchaya Srisa-ard Shot

Prasong Thippimol Shot

Prida Eimsam-ang Shot

Piphat Suriyakul Shot

Phuwanat Wilasthorakul Shot

Pirom Ramkhao Shot

Mayunan Yidam Shot

Manas Nonthasiri Shot

Wira Jittichanon Shot

Wongduen Buachan Shot

Wirachai Asawapityanon Shot

Sarakorn Yaempranit Shot

Somchai Suthirat Shot

Samruam Trikhem Shot

Saroj Yamin Shot

Somphen Charoennet Shot

Suchat Papor Shot

Suraphan Chuchuay Shot

Saman Klinphu Shot

Sanya Pengsa Shot

Noo Kaewphamorn Shot

Apiwat Maskhao Shot

Ekpoj Jarukitpaisan Shot

Kritsada Niammeesri Hit and shot.

Tawee Muaydee Hit on the head.

Tanong Phoarn Kidnapped and body never found. President of the Labour Congress of Thailand.

Chalermphol Sangaim Died from swelling in the brain.

Eian Newmegen Disappeared.

Unidentified body ??

Unidentified body ??

Unidentified body ??

1993 ??

1994 - 1
Ms Suchada Kamfubutra Kidnapped and never seen again. She was protesting industrialisation in Lampang Province.
1995 - 3

Ajan Bunthawee Upakarakul Thrown out of a train. A leader against toxic waste from the Lamphun Industrial Estate.

Ajan Pravien Boonnak Shot dead. A leader of the movement against mining in Loei Province.

Winai Chantamano Shot dead. An environmentalist campaigning against tree-felling at Ban Namlar, Kuankalong

1996 - 2

Tong-in Kaewwatta Shot dead. A leader against Jengo waste management company in the Rayong Industrial Zone. (18 January.)

Tun Boonkhuntod Killed by police from Naongbuarahaew Station (22 July), while leading his members against the construction of the Pong Khun Phet Dam. Tun was also a Leader of the Assembly of the Poor from Ban Huay Tapnai, Nongbuarahaew District, Chaiphum Province.

1999 - 3

Tongmuan Kamjaem Shot dead. The head of a Sub-District who led a protest against a mining concession in Nongbualamphu. He was shot dead together with . .

Som Homprom Shot dead. Sitting on the back of Tongmuan’s motorcycle.

Aree Songkroh Shot dead. A leader protecting the Klongkram Watershed in Suratthani Province

2001 - 6

Ms Chaweewan Pueksoongnoen Shot dead at her home on 1 August. A leader who fought against corruption in the Administrative Council in NaKlang Sub-district, Soongnoen District, Nakorn Ratchasima Province. Nobody was arrested for her murder.

Jurin Ratchaphol Shot dead. A leader protecting 400 rai of the Pa Klog coastline in Talang District, Phuket, from Shrimp farming. (30 January.)

Narin Phodaeng Shot dead in front of his home (1 May). A leader against mining and the bombing of Khao Cha-ang Mountain in Chamao District, Rayong Province.

Pithak Tonwut Shot dead on his way home from a meeting with a government investigation team on 17 May. A leader against rock and stone mining who was calling for an investigation into the mining company in Ban Chompu, Noenmaprang District, Pitsanulok.

Suwat Piyasathit Shot dead at a meeting of the community shop in Jamjuree, Rachatewa Sub-district on 26 June. A leader against waste dumping in his community, which was causing a putrid smell in nearby communities in Bangpli District, Samutprakarn. The gunman got life imprisonment and the man who hired him the death sentence, but the cases have been appealed and remain pending.

Somporn Chanaphol Shot dead while writing a report about the community. A leader for the protection of Klong Kradae watershed, in Kanchanadit District, Suratthani Province, one of the few remaining rich forests in the South, which the community successfully prevented from being inundated from the construction of a dam.

2002 - 7

Kaew Peenpanma, Shot dead. A member of the Northern Farmers Network and the community leader who led the villagers to cultivate land in Doilor Sub-district, Chiang Mai province, shot on 23 June 2002. The police arrest the gunman and the court gave him 8 years in prison.

Boonsom Nimnoi, Shot dead. A leader against the construction of Petrochemical of Siam Gulf Mining Rock and Stone Petrochemical Company shot on 2 September. Two people surrendered to the police but the case was dissolved because, fearing death threats, no one willing to stand witness.

Preecha Tongpaan, Shot dead. A leader against the wastewater management of Pak Prak, Tungsong District, Nakorn Srithammarat was shot on 27 September. The two people arrested pleaded not guilty and were released on bail. One of them was then shot in retaliation but survived.

Boonyarit Channarong, Killed by four forestry officers who were working on his land in Chana District on 15 December 2002. Boonyarit was a local leader investigating illegal logging in the Chana Forest and collecting evidence to prove corruption by government officers and businessmen. Also he called for the resolution of conflict on land titles between the Kaeng Krung National Park and villager’s farmland. The four forestry officers claimed they killed him in self-defence, as Boonyarit was going to attack them with a knife. All were released on bail.

Boonyong Intawong, Shot dead at his home on 20 December. A leader against Doi Mae Ook-ru Mining, Wieng Chai District, Chiang Rai, of the Wiengpa-ngam Construction Company.

Kampan Suksai, Killed by Jankaew Jandaeng, an officer of the National Forest and Animal Conservation. A village headman in Mae Na Sub-district, Chiang Dao District, Chiang Mai. Formerly Vice- President of the Northern Ping River Community Forest Network, and active in the Chiag Dao Community Forest Network, which comprises 54 communities working together to look after 380,000 rai. Kampan was a very active leader, setting up the committee to look after the area and posting signs for the zoning of community forestland. Kampan and villagers arrested Jankaew Jandaeng on 19 June 2001 for killing forest animals. Jankaew pleaded guilty and paid a 25,000 Baht fine. In a rage of anger he killed Kampan on 1 February 2003. He was arrested and given 25 years imprisonment.

Chuan Chamnankit, Shot dead by a gang of people at his home on 4 February. A villager from Chawang District, Nakorn Srithammarat, who was active in fighting against the drug trade.

2003 - 2788

107 civilians Shot dead when police and soldiers fired into the Kue se Mosque in Pattani. 5 men in uniform died. 28 April.

2,596 civilians Killed during 3 months of Thaksin’s ‘War on drugs’. According to the Royal Thai Police Bureau’s own report 1,432 were innocent.

84 civilians Killed by police, 6 from bullet wounds and 78 from suffocation during transportation from police station to army camp. This Southern Conflict incident sparked when several hundred Muslim people were protesting at the Tak Bai Police Station in Narathiwat Province, demanding the release of 6 people that had been arrested.

Samnao Srisongkram Shot brutally in his field in Ban Kambong Pattana, Ubonrat District, Khon Kaen on 25 May. He was the President of the Lam Nam Pong Recovery and Conservation Group which, since 1992, was active in bringing a case against the Phoenix Pulp and Paper Company (operational since 1975). The assassin was arrested, convicted and is now facing life imprisonment. But the man arrested and accused of hiring the assassin, the head of the Sub-District was released and discharged on lack of evidence.

2004 - 4

Somchai Neelapaichit Disappeared on 12 March 2004. A respected human rights lawyer, former President of the Muslim Lawyers Network, actively defending human rights violations in the Southern Conflict. In April 2004, 5 police officers were arrested. On 12 January 2006, the criminal court determined that there was no strong evidence because Somchai’s body could not be found.In the end only one police officer, Police Col. Ngen Tongsuk, was sentenced to 3 years imprisonment, but was released on bail. Col. Tongsuk himself disappeared in 2008, and the whole Somchai case remains unsolved.

Suphol Sirichan Shot by a group of gunmen. A local leader working to protect the forest and Mae Mok Watershed in Thoen District, Lampang Province. He confronted the illegal logging mafias and many times led villagers to stop their illegal logging activities. He faced many threats but continued to protect the forest and watershed area. At 8 pm on 11 August 2004 a group of gunmen killed Suphol while he was closing his gate, just 15 minutes after forestry police had stopped the illegal logging. No one has been arrested.

Charoen Wataksorn Shot with more than ten bullets in his body. Aged 37, the chairman of the Bonok Environment Conservation Group, a strong movement against the coal power plants of the Saha Union Group (Anan Panyarachun business group). Bonok and Ban krud community form one of the strongest people’s movements to protect the environment in Thailand. They have been fighting the building of power plants since the late 1990s with a collective style of leadership. Bonok had submitted two demands to the authorities: First, the construction of the coal power plant must stop immediately, and second, if you do not understand our demand, please go back and read demand No.1.

Charoen was killed on 21 June 2004 as he stepped down from the tour bus returning from a meeting with a state Sub-Committee of the Anti-Corruption Commission formed to deal with the Bonok complaint.

Five people were arrested, two of them died in prison, one was released, the boss was sentenced to death in 2008, but details of the case and appeals remain before the courts.

Ms Pakwipa Chalermklin Shot on 14 October. A Vice-President of the Ban Hua Krabue Community in Pamok District, Angtong Province, who led actions against the business group that is constructing a port to transport sand excavated from the river. The business group was supported by the wife of an influential politician in the province.

2005 - 1

Phra Supoj Suwajo Murdered brutally in his monastery, aged 39. His Suan Metta Dharm forest monastery is in Chiang Mai's Fang district. Phra Supoj and communities around the monastery have been working very hard to preserve forestland from outsiders who want to clear the land to cultivate orange farms. There are already over 200,000 rai of orange farms in Fang, and the district is known for orange farming, but half of the land used for the farms has been illegally occupied. Pha Supoj had reported many times to the police that they should clear the mafia out of the forest, but without result. The monastery staff were beaten badly and, on June 17, Phra Supoj was brutally murdered in the monastery area. There has been no progress in the investigation into the murder.
2006 19 September military coup - 1
Nuamtong Praiwan Hanged himself from a foot bridge in Bangkok over the road in front the most popular newspaper Thairath on 31 October. A taxi driver, aged 60, who had driven his taxi hard into a military tank on 19 September in protest against the military coup. He recovered in part from serious injuries but then hanged himself to complete his protest.

2007 ??

2008 - 1
Narongsak Krobtaisong Beaten to death by a mob of the People’s Alliance for Democracy on 2 September, aged 52.
2009 Red Shirt demonstration - 2
The UDD claims 6 supporters were killed in the April crackdown but only 2 bodies were found. Nattapong Pongdi Beaten, tied and thrown into the Chaopraya River. From Udonthani Province. Chaiyaporn Kantang, Beaten, tied and thrown into the Chaopraya River. From Phare Province.
2010 military crackdown under the ‘license to kill’ - 91

91 people were killed during the April-May crackdown, 2000 wounded and 470 Red-shirts were arrested.

When hospital records says ‘wounded’ or ‘died on the spot’, this more-than-likely means by a bullet or bullets.

April 10 crackdown around Democracy Monument (20)

Hiroyuki Muramoto, 43 Shot in chest, died on way to hospital. A Japanese Reuters reporter.

Sawat Wong-ngam, 43 Shot in the head

Todsachai Mekngamfah, 44 Shot in the chest

Charoon Chaimaen, 46 Shot in the chest

Wasan Phutong, 39 Shot in the head from the back

Sayam Wattananukul, 53, Shot in the chest from the back

Monchai Sae-jong, 54 Died from lung failure in the hospital

Amphon Tatiyarat, 26 Shot in the back of the head

Yutthana Tongcharoenporn, 23 Shot in the head from behind

Praison Thiplom, 37 Shot in the head from the front, died in the hospital

Kriengkrai Tanoi, 24 Shot in the thigh and the bullet lodged in his stomach, died in the hospital

Kanung Chatthe, 50 Shot in the right chest

Napaphol Phaopanas, 30 Shot in the stomach, died in the hospital.

Saming Taengphen, 49 Shot in the head, died in the hospital

Somsak Kaewsan, 34 Shot in the chest, died in the hospital

Boontham Thongpui, 40 Shot in the forehead

Mana Arjran, 23 Shot in the head from behind

Anan Sirikulwanich, 54 Shot

Terdsak Fungklinchan, 29 Wounded in the chest, died in the hospital

Unidentified man, 40-50 Wounded by cut through blood vessels in thigh, died in the hospital

April 22 - 1
Ms. Thanyanan Thabthong, 50 Killed by a bomb blast at Silom Road
Soldiers:

Col. Romklao Thuwatham, 43 Right neck torn, both legs smashed 10 April

Puriwat Praphan, 25 Died from a wound to the head 10 April

Anupong Muangraphan, 21 Died from bruised chest, both legs were torn 10 April

Singha Onthrong Died from wounds to chest and thigh 10 April

Anupong Hommalee, 22 Head hit by a bomb blast, died in hospital. 10 April

Narong Ritthisara Died during crackdown at the National Memorial 28 April

Karnnuphat Lertchanphen, 38 Shot in front of the Krung Thai Bank, Silom Road 7 May

Wittaya Promsari, 35 Died from a bomb blast during the crackdown at gate 4, Lumpini Park 8 May

Chatchai Chalao, 25 Died from wounds to neck during the crackdown at Lumpini Park 13 May

Khattiya Sawasdiphol, 58 Shot in the head. A renegade Major General from the Royal Thai Army who 13 May joined the Red Shirts. He was assassinated by a sniper bullet while being interviewed by a reporter from the New York Times.

People who died at Lumpini Park on 15 May:

Ms. Kamonket Hakhard, 25 Shot with six bullets in her body

Ms. Wasinee Theppan Died on way to hospital

Piyapong Kitiphan, 32 Shot dead

Prajuab Silaphan, Shot

Somsak Kilirakka, 28, Shot

Boonthing Pansilav, 25 Shot in the neck. A medic from Wachira Hospital.

Phan Kamklong, 43 Shot in the chest. Died in the Moh Lheng area

Mana Sanprasertsri, 22 Shot in the head. Worker for Po Tek Tung Emergency Assistance Foundation

Santana Sappasri, 34 Shot in the stomach and arm in the Moh Lheng area

Pornsawan Nakachai, 23 Shot in many places, died in hospital

Kriangkrai Leantaisong, 25 Shot in the head, died in hospital

Kiettikhun Chatwirasakul, 25 Shot in the chest, died on the spot

Wongsakorn Plangsri, 40 Shot in the chest, bleeding, died in hospital

Somchai Phrasuwan, 43 Shot in the head, died in hospital

Chaleaw deeruenram, 27 Shot below the chest

Sompan Luangchom, 35 Shot in the stomach

Polenchi Fadio, 48 Shot in the chest. An Italian journalist

Mhanachot Chumyen, 34 Shot through kidney and main artery

Pratchaya Sae-Khoe, 21 Shot - bullet through the liver

Akradet Khankaew, 22 Shot - bullet through lung and heart

Mongkol Khemthong, 37 Shot - lung and heart

Wichai Manpare, 61 Shot - bullet through lung and liver

Attachai Chumchan, 28 Shot – bullet destroying his lung

Narin Srichomphu Shot – bullet destroyed his brain

Bonkai community man, 71 Shot in the stomach while searching his grand-daughter in the firing zone. Died on 28 July from blood infection after treatment.

Songsak Srinongbua, 33 Died from wound in the chest

Samai Tadkaew, 36 Died from injuries of many attacks

Yuon Phothongkam, 60 Died from wounded to his anus on 21 May

Kitiphan Khantong, 26 Died from wound in the ribs in hospital

Surakrai Srimuangpun, 34 Died from wounded in the head in hospital

Amphol Chuensri, 25 Died on the spot

Samaphan Srithep, 17 Died on the spot

Uthai Orn-in, 35 Died on the spot

Supot Yatima, 37 Died on the spot

Tanakorn Piyapholdirek, 50 Died on the spot

Suphan Thomtong, 49 Died on the spot

Thawin Kammool, 38 Died from head wound

Thanwa Wongsiri, 26 Died from wound to the head

Channarong Ploysrila, 32 Died from wounds to the head

Thippanet Jiamphol, 36 Died from wound in the head

Supacheep Jullathas, 36 Died from wound in the head

Warin Wongsanit, 28 Died from wound in the chest

Muhammad Akli, 40 Died from wound to the chest

Inplang Thetwong, 32 Died in the crackdown

Saneh Nilluang, 48 Died in the crackdown

Chaiyan Wannajak, 20 Died in the crackdown

Ploen Wongma, 40 Died in the hospital on 20 May

Prachuab Prachuabsuk, 42 Died at the Charoenkrung Pracharak

Kittipong Somsuk, 20 Burnt in the blaze at Central World, body found on 21 May

Unidentified:
  1. Ms. Unidentified woman Shot dead
  2. Unidentified boy, aged 14 Shot in the stomach and arm. Died at Soi Moh Lheng
  3. Unidentified man Shot and died in Ratchaparop area
  4. Unidentified man Died from wound in the head
  5. Unidentified man Died from beating and bleeding in the brain
  6. Unidentified person
  7. Unidentified person
Soldiers:

Pongchalit Thippanontakarn Shot in the head. A sergeant, aged 31.

Anusit Chansanto, 44 Died on the spot. A sergeant

2010 June – December - 5

Five local leaders brutally assassinated, four after being followed and assaulted by M16 rifle-fire, the fifth from being run-down by a pick-up truck.

Sakkarin Kongkaew Shot dead in his hometown. A Korat area leader.

Sawat Daungmanee Shot dead. Local leader from Rayong Province.

Kritsada Klahan, 20 Shot by a group of people following his car with an M16. He was functioning as a guard for a DJ from Chiang Mai in hiding.

Noi Banjong, 51 Shot and died from multiple bullet wounds. A Tuk Tuk driver in Chiang Mai and a DJ for a Chiang Mai Red Shirt Radio programme.

Thanapong Panmee Hit by a pick-up. Local leader from Nattawut Saikua.

2004 - 2010 SOUTHERN CONFLICT - 4500
On 2 July 2010 the Cross-Cultural Foundation released figures that since 2004 about 4,000 people have been killed in the conflict in southern Thailand. (CCF was founded early in 2002 to work on human rights violations in the South of Thailand.)
TOTAL number of victims noted in this appendix - 10,691
References:

Amsterdam & Peroff LLP, Application to investigate the situation of the Kingdom of Thailand with regard to the commission of crimes againsts humanity, The Hague, the Netherlands, 31 January, 2011

Firelamtung, Ruam Wongphan

Thak Chaloemtiarana, Thailand: The politics of despotic paternalism, The Foundation for the Promotion of Social Sciences and Humanities Textbooks project, May 2005

Sochai Phatharathananunth, Isan and the Thai State: Domination, Conflict and Resistance, Mahasarakam University

Attichai Sirithet, Thai NGOs, People’s History “Communists and Red barrels Case’, 20 September 2004

N/a, 20 Years 6 Octboer 1976, from 14 October to 6 October, the inspiration for struggle for new society

OK Nation, figures on people died from War on Drugs Raids, 2003

Thairath Newspaper, Editorial, True Human Rights Defenders, 29 April 2009

List of 89 people died from the Military Crackdown on April – May 2010, Dailyworld Today, 6 Year, issues 274, 28 August – 3 September 2010, page 4-5

War on drugs report, Naewna Newspaper, 25 May 2009

War on drugs report, Kingdomplaza

Lists of people died from the crackdown on 13-15 October, 14 October 1973 Memorial

Information on the October 6, 1976 crackdown

Wikipedia:

The assassinations of the four members of Parliament in 1949.

The May 1992 uprising and crackdown.

Thai E-News, 100 Years of People’s Heroes, 5 December 2009.

Thai E-News, Story of political assassinations. 23 December 2010 23.

Bangkokbiznews, Solving Southern Conflict, wasting budget of 140 billion Baht.

Kom Chad Luek Newspaper, Krong Jandawong, a Sawang Dindan’s Hero, 30 May 2009

Wikipedia, The 6 October 1976 crackdown

Wikipedia, The May 1992 Crackdown,

2519.net, Story on the 6 October 1996 crackdown

OK Nation, Kor Khon Human Rights, 10 December 2007

Office of National Human Rights Commissioners

Komchadluek Newspaper Online, The Devil’s Shadow ‘The Black May’, 11 April 2009

Wittayakorn Boonruang, Phra Supoj’s mysterious death: a Buddhist monk falls victim to capitalist greed (2), Prachatai, 3 October 2007

Wikipedia, Jit Phumsak

Boonsanong Punyodyana : Thai Socialist and Scholar, 1936-1976, BCAS Volume 9 Number 3 July–September 1977, pages 48-51

The World Today (Thai) Magazine (2010), No. 274, August 28 - September 3, p 4-5.